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St. Gallen in a few words

St Gallen Cathedral

The foundation of the canton St. Gallen derives supposedly from the construction of a pilgrimage church in this region by the Irish monk named Gallus in the year 600. 100 years after his death the abbey church of St. Gallen was built and gave the canton its name. 

A canton encompassing

St Gallen Säntis

In the year 1803, at the end of the Helvetian Republic, which was founded by Napoleon, St. Gallen was established due to a mediation act, where two short-term cantons, Linth and Säntis, were combined into one. The German-speaking canton surrounds the cantons of Appenzell Innerrhoden and Appenzell Ausserrhoden.

Economy

St.Gallen textil

St. Gallen was the most important city of the textile industry until 1920. At this point in time the focus lies more in cattle-breeding, half of the total land is used for it, and in winegrowing in the lower lands. 

Mentionable places

St. Gallen

Mentionable places of the canton are the Tektonikarena Sardona, which became a UNESCO World Natural Heritage in 2008, as well as the university of St. Gallen, which is one of the four best economic universities in Europe. 

The region in numbers

Area in km²
2031
Volume, persons per km²
247
Population
502500
Percentage of foreigners
23.8%
GDP in millions
35859
Admission to confederation
1803
Number of municipalities
77
Unemployment rate in %
2.5%
Active population
267900
Percentage of agricultural area
53.7%